Diabetes: Causes, Symptoms, Types, Risk Factors, and Treatment

Diabetes – A condition where people cannot produce enough insulin to meet the needs of their bodies. Also, their cells are unable to respond to insulin appropriately.  

Thinking about the relationship between insulin and diabetes?

Well, insulin is essential as it moves glucose into the body’s cells from the blood. It also has numerous effects on metabolism. What we eat provides our body with glucose, which our cells use for the proper functioning of the body.  

However, if insulin isn’t available or glucose cannot be moved from blood to cells, this glucose will stay in the blood itself. High blood sugar levels can be toxic, and cells that cannot get glucose lack the fuel they need to function efficiently.

Arizona’s integrative medical center Wellness 1st has an expert team who can provide medical care for diabetic patients. Read the blog to know more about diabetes and its impact on patients.

Two Main Kinds of Diabetes: Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes

Nearly 9/10 people have type 2 diabetes. Moreover, 33% of people with type 2 diabetes aren’t aware of the disease. Their lack of knowledge procrastinates the treatment required at the right time to control the sugar level. 

Many people fail to identify their early symptoms without getting tested.

Type 1 diabetes attacks mainly on the immune system. 10% of the population has type 1 diabetes.

Each type of diabetes has its own symptoms, causes, and treatments. Learn more on the same. 

Causes 

Let us delve more to know the causes of diabetes for various types:

Type 1 diabetes: This occurs when the pancreas is unable to produce insulin as the immune cells destroy the beta cells of the pancreas that produce insulin. Type 1 diabetic patients require insulin injections. 

This type is usually found among people belonging to northern European ancestry. Most people are identified with type 1 diabetes during their childhood or adolescent years.

Type 2 diabetes: This condition occurs when the pancreas cannot produce enough insulin or the body doesn’t use insulin properly. There is a sufficient level of glucose in the body in this condition, but the cells can’t utilize this insulin due to insulin resistance. 

This usually occurs in adults and in those who have a family history of diabetes. These patients can eventually require insulin injections. Moreover, type 2 diabetes occurs most commonly in people of Indigenous and African descent, Hispanics, and Asians. 

The above two mentioned types are the main ones. There are two more types of diabetes, which aren’t that common: 

Gestational diabetes: In this case, women develop diabetes during pregnancy. However, the blood sugar level becomes normal after giving birth. 

Prediabetes: This occurs when your blood sugar levels are high, though not as high as type 2 diabetes. Thus, it is considered a warning sign of type 2 diabetes.

Both genes and environmental factors play a role in triggering diabetes.

Symptoms

General symptoms of diabetes include increased thirst and hunger, weight loss, frequent urge to urinate, extreme fatigue, blurry vision, headache, drowsiness, and improper healing of sores.

Symptoms of diabetes among men: Additional to general signs, men with diabetes can have a decreased sex drive, low muscle strength, and erectile dysfunction (ED). 

Symptoms of diabetes among women: Women can develop symptoms like urinary tract infections, yeast infections, and dry or itchy skin.

Symptoms of Type 1 diabetes:

– Increased thirst

– Frequently hungry

– Tiredness

– Improper vision

– Frequent need to urinate

– Weight loss

Symptoms of Type 2 diabetes:

– Blurred vision

– Urinate frequently

– Mild fatigue

– Sores that are slow to heal

– Increased hunger

– Increased thirst

There might also be recurring infections; this may be due to elevated glucose levels making it harder for the body to heal.

Symptoms of Gestational diabetes 

Usually, women don’t develop symptoms of gestational diabetes. However, in some instances, women can develop an urge for urination and increased thirst. Women generally detect during a routine blood test or oral glucose tolerance test.

Consult Arizona’s interactive medical center if you are experiencing any of these symptoms.

Risk Factors

Certain factors increase your risk of diabetes:

Type 1 Diabetes

This is an autoimmune disorder that is mostly due to genetics. Hence, children and adolescents are at higher risk.

– Age <30 years.

– Genetic disorder

– Viral or bacterial infections

– Pancreatic diseases

– Consuming chemicals present within food items

Type 2 Diabetes

– Age >45 years

– Hormone fluctuations

– Family history

– High cholesterol level

– High blood pressure level

– Smoking

– History of gestational diabetes

– Heavy alcohol consumption

– Low high-density lipoprotein levels

Gestational Diabetes

– Age >25 years

– Obesity

– Family history of type 2 diabetes

– Have PCOS

– Previous pregnancy with gestational diabetes

– Smoking

Prevention and Treatment

Type 1 diabetes is not preventable. Type 2 diabetes can be prevented by adopting lifestyle changes, including moderate weight loss through eating a healthy diet and exercising regularly.  

Moreover, studies have shown that certain oral antidiabetes medications can play a role in developing type 2 diabetes for people with prediabetes.

Diabetes is a long-lasting condition that can last an entire lifetime.   

People with type 1 diabetes need insulin injections to survive. In some circumstances, to cure this disease, you need to have a pancreas or islet cell transplant.

Treatment for type 2 diabetes requires lifestyle changes, mainly focusing on diet and exercising. If lifestyle changes don’t control your blood sugar level, then medications may be necessary.

Medications for type 2 diabetes can include antidiabetes injections or pills, insulin injections, or a combination of both.

Women who have gestational diabetes need to monitor their blood sugar levels several times a day during pregnancy. Nearly 10 to 20% of women with gestational diabetes require insulin to lower their blood sugar.

Coping with diabetes is a life-long challenge; thus, people with diabetes shouldn’t be petrified to speak with a doctor or pharmacist if they experience diabetic symptoms.

Test your blood sugar level at home and ensure that you visit us regularly. 

About Wellness 1st Interactive Medical Center 

At Wellness 1st Interactive Medical Center in Arizona, we deal with a wide range of health problems, including autoimmune diseases, arthritis, diabetes, chronic pain, etc. We conduct a full analysis of each patient, followed by an effective integrative medicine plan is created with natural therapies to solve problems rather than just treating them for a short time.  

To learn more, book an appointment with us.